During your pet’s diagnosis, blood may be obtained by one of our vets or qualified technicians, to be analyzed in our in-house lab. The lab is equipped with a biochemistry machine, electrolyte machine, hematology machine and centrifuge, which can carry out an array of tests. Blood biochemistry can be analyzed to check for many diseases including liver disease, kidney disease and diabetes mellitus. Blood hematology also analyses the different blood cells and the amount present within the sample giving indications of infection, anemia and dehydration.
Another sample commonly tested within the lab is urine. We can analyze the urine using a dipstick to check for the presence of substances such as glucose, ketones and protein. Secondly urine specific gravity is measured using a refractometer to check how dilute or concentrated the urine is. Examination of the urine under the microscope is also carried out to look for crystals and cells.
The microscope in practice is used to look at a variety of samples including blood, urine, hair, feces and fine needle aspirate biopsies of various tissues and organs. Samples can be examined to look for ectoparasites such as fleas, mites and lice or to diagnose different types of bacterial or fungal infections. Fine needle aspirates of masses are commonly examined to try and diagnose the type of mass by studying the cells present on the slide.
There are some diagnostic laboratory tests which cannot be carried out within our in-house lab. If specific tests are required then samples are sent to our external lab. These samples are sent via a special courier which collects samples from the clinic every Mon-Sat evening. The samples are then analyzed and the results are emailed/faxed back to us.